Deadliest Warrior: Robert E Lee vs. Napoleon Bonaparte

August 14, 2009

Warriors 9
Deadliest Warriors -Season 2 Episode 9

Robert E. Lee vs. Napoleon Bonaparte
The final battle of season two is an epic contest between two of the most legendary commanders in modern history and the armies they led to victory after victory.

Napoleon Bonaparte was a military officer who became ruler of France after staging a successful coup d'état and later declaring himself Emperor. His politics shaped Europe in the early 19th century, and his tactics while in command of the Grand Armee shaped a century of warfare.

Robert E. Lee was the best military commander North or South when the American civil war broke out and he was even offered command of the Union army by Abraham Lincoln. However, when the State of Virginia seceded, Lee followed it into the Confederacy where he would become one of the most celebrated and infamous generals in American history.

Napoleon Bonaparte  - Circa 1805 AD.
Napoleon was a ruthless and brilliant commander who could predict the actions of his enemies with uncanny accuracy and make them pay for their predictability with carefully executed strategies by his well trained armies. Bold and charismatic, Napoleon was not only a master strategist but also a master motivator who was able to bring massive numbers of recruits into his armies and then form them into elite fighting forces.

In 1805 Napoleon won perhaps his greatest victory at The Battle of Austerlitz, a victory that changed the map of Europe forever and effectively destroyed the Third Coalition allied against France. On December 2, 1805, Emperor Napoleon commanded an army of his most veteran soldiers and engaged a Russo-Austrian army outside the town of Austerlitz in Austro-Hungaria. After a pitched battle that lasted for nearly nine hours, the fighting ended with a decisive victory for France. The battle is regarded as a tactical masterpiece for the way Napoleon duped his enemies into attacking and then routed their armies with precisely coordinated counter-attacks.

Although Napoleon had over 300,000 troops under his command, he only mustered some 75,000 men and 157 guns for the battle of Austerlitz. His forces were arrayed in six corps, with each corps being a combined arms force consisting of infantry, cavalry and artillery that were capable of moving and fighting without support from other units. These 75,000 men and their commanders represented the best, bravest, and most experienced soldiers in all of the Empire.

Napoleon's Imperial Guard (12,000): This special unit was commanded by Napoleon himself on many occasions and was used for only the most important and devastating attacks. Consisting mostly of Grenadiers, this unit was filled with veteran shock troops who were the elite of Napoleonic infantry. Supported by it's own heavy artillery and bolstered by Grenadier units from V Corps, the Imperial Guard was at nearly double strength in Austerlitz.

I Corps (10,000): This corps was a rarity in Napoleon's army as it was made up almost entirely of line infantry, although, it did possess more than the usual amount of regimental guns which made it an ideal unit for artillery supported assaults.

III Corps (7,000): This corps was designed to be fast, flexible, and to move great distances in short order, as demonstrated during Austerlitz when they marched 70 miles in under 48 hours before entering the battle. Much of the force was made up of highly mobile light infantry, who specialized in marksmanship, and Dragoon cavalry units that could be used as scouts or dismounted infantry. III Corps was also supported by a small number of battalion guns and a special unit of heavy cannons.

IV Corps (25,000): This corps was by far the largest and most diverse unit in the Grand Armee as it had both light and heavy infantry units as well as light and heavy cavalry units. IV Corps was also supported by a good number of battalion guns and a special unit of heavy cannons.

V Corps (15,000): This unit was mostly a large line-infantry corps supported by light cavalry and a small number of regimental guns. Used primarily as a reserve unit at Austerlitz, V Corps also had a division of Grenadiers that were detached to the Imperial Guard for the entirety of the battle.

Cavalry Reserve (6,000): This special corps of heavy cavalry was backed by a reinforced unit of artillery and used by Napoleon as a kind of hammer strike, a means to break his enemies final defenses and send them fleeing from the battlefield.

Napoleon's marshals were trusted and talented military commanders whom he placed at the head of his combined armed forces, referred to as corps. Napoleon expected each of these corps commanders to act as their own Field Marshall and lead their troops as an independent army. However, he also expected them to carry out his intricate battle plans to the letter.

Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte - I Corps
This eventual king of Sweden and betrayer of France was one of Napoleon's most controversial marshals. Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte was a committed republican whose career, mainly a self-serving one, saw him rise through the ranks of the French army from enlisted man to Marshal. Generally thought of as a talented commander, Bernadotte could be spectacular when motivated and ineffective when not. His career is filled with both great victories and humbling defeats, followed by dismissal from duties or stern reprimands from Napoleon himself.

Louis Davout - III Corps
A superb commander, Louis Davout's military and administrative skills were every bit as good as Napoleon's. The youngest soldier promoted to the Marshal in 1804, Davout took over III Corps and through strict discipline and constant training he turned it into the finest force in the French army. A keen tactician and always mindful of the welfare of his elite troops, Davout delivered some of Napoleon's greatest victories by the use of smart tactics rather than brute force.

Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult -IV Corps
Soult had joined the French army at 16 and his abilities made him an officer within six years, then a marshal by age 36. Although Soult's real talent was in training and motivating soldiers for battle, he was also an excellent leader of men who showed courage in battle and had a flair for maneuvering troops in the field. However, he was often found wanting tactically and was not the quickest to adapt to changing battlefield situations.

Jean Lannes - V Corps
One of Napoleon's closest marshals, Jean Lannes was a courageous fighter and excellent tactician who loved the army and proved himself on the battlefield time and time and again. Lannes was a fierce defender, even when facing great odds, but when on the attack he had the bad habit of leading from the front and was often wounded because his troops were regularly called upon by Napoleon to lead the way.

Joachim Murat - Cavalry Reserve
Murat was the perfect cavalry officer, courageous, dashing, and incredibly vain. Specializing in harassing retreating enemies, Murat was placed at the head of a unique Cavalry Reserve so Napoleon could use his talents to break faltering enemies and finish battles.

The greatest defense employed by the Grand Armee was deception. At a time when armies still lined up across from one another and traded volleys, Napoleon and his Marshals practiced deceptive tactics such as feigning, feinting and flanking to confuse their enemies and protect their troops from taking massive casualties.

Napoleon equipped his troops with the best weapons he could acquire and was often personally involved in their design, manufacture and issuing to the troops.

Hand to hand weapons: The Grand Armee favored an aggressive style of fighting that called for many bayonet charges and dashing cavalry attacks in order to break the will of their enemies. For this, they used all manner of weapons but chief among them was the bayonet. Swords were issued to officers and non-commissioned officers, but also to cavalry and special infantry such as Grenadiers. However, despite it's proliferation among the ranks, the sword was most often used as a tool to chop wood and was fairly ineffective in the hands of anyone except cavalry. The Pike was another weapon used by infantry. It was a nine-foot spear that had a foot-long blade screwed into the pole. Although a fearsome weapon, the pike was less effective and far heavier than a musket with bayonet. Perhaps the most formidable melee weapon used by the French was the Lance. When in the hands of the famous Polish Lancer cavalry, this weapon could be devastating.

Model IX Flintlock Pistols: Most officers and cavalry troops carried pistols during the Napoleonic Wars and in 1801 Napoleon commissioned the famous Model IX Pistol for his army. In battle this pistol was used both for volley fire and close quarter fighting. It proved useful in inflicting harm on packed enemy infantry and could even be used as a club when empty.

Charleville model 1777 and bayonet: The Charleville was a .69 caliber French musket with a maximum range of 600 yards and an effective range of 80-100 yards. Elite riflemen could fire up to 3 rounds a minute with this weapon but often only fired one or two shots before charging the enemy to give them the cold steel of their bayonet.

Cannons: As one would expect with the Emperor who was a former artillery officer, France's cannons made up the backbone of their ground forces. The French guns were generally used in massed batteries to soften up enemy formations before being subjected to the closer attention of the infantry or cavalry. Superb gun-crew training allowed Bonaparte to move the weapons at great speed to either bolster a weakening defensive position, or else hammer a potential break in enemy lines. In general, French guns were 4-pounders, 8-pounders or 12-pounders, with the lighter calibres being phased out and replaced by 6-pounders later in the wars. French cannons had brass barrels and their carriages, wheels and limbers were wooden.

Max Range
Effective Rng.
Canister Rng.





Robert E. Lee  - Circa 1863 AD.
General Lee was a gentleman and soldier of the highest order who inspired the kind of loyalty and awe from his soldiers not seen in America since George Washington. Lee favored defensive warfare to preserve his army, but he was at his most brilliant when executing daring attacks that produced stunning victories and often defied military logic. Lee's greatest weapons was his uncanny knack for reading an opponent and using insights on the personalities of enemy commanders to discern how best to defeat them.

The Battle of Chancellorsville took place in early May 1863 in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, near the village of Chancellorsville. It is known as Lee's "perfect battle" and was remarkable for several reasons, chief among them was the risky but successful tactic Lee used of dividing his smaller army, not once, but twice, to outflank and route a much larger Union force. Lee's audacity, combined with the Union's timid performance in combat, resulted in a significant Confederate victory.


The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America and by 1863 it was a veteran army with scores of battles and victories under its belt. When Lee took command of the army in 1862 he reorganized it's 75,000 men into two Infantry Corps and one Cavalry Corps, with each corps supported by it's own Artillery Reserve unit.

Longstreet's Wing, 1st Corps (15,000): This was primarily a reserve unit consisting of three infantry divisions, each supported by a few artillery batteries. The exception was Hood's Division, a veteran unit that specialized in shock attacks and was supported by a full battalion of artillery. This entire wing of Longstreet's corps was detached from the A.N.V. during Chancellorsville and did not fight in the battle.

Anderson's Wing, 1st Corps (16,000): This unit consisted of two veteran infantry divisions that were very disciplined and good in a fight whether they were on the attack, in defense, or on the march. Each division had it's own artillery battalion and the unit was also supported by two battalions of heavy cannons from the Corps Artillery Reserve. At the battle of Chancellorsville this unit was personally commanded by General Lee.

Jackson's Division, 2nd Corps (8,500): This fierce and determined Infantry unit earned the nickname "foot cavalry" for their ability to march swiftly from battle to battle, as they demonstrated in the Valley Campaign where they marched over 400 miles in 4 weeks while winning 6 major battles. This division was lightly supported by a regiment of artillery.

A.P Hill's Light Division, 2nd Corps (23,000): The moniker "Light Division" was mostly for show as this infantry unit was not trained or equipped differently than any other unit. However, they were known for rapid marches and valiant assaults, as demonstrated in the battle of Antietam where they marched 17 miles in less than a day and then went straight into the battle without resting. This division was lightly supported by a regiment of artillery.

Early's Division, 2nd Corps (8,500): This Infantry division was at it's best when on the attack and regularly inflicted heavy casualties on superior forces. Although lightly supported by it's own regimental artillery, this division was also bolstered by two battalions of heavy cannons from the Corps Artillery Reserve.

JEB Stuart's Cavalry Corps (4,000): This light cavalry unit contained the only regular cavalry forces available to the Army of Northern Virginia and was primarily used for reconnaissance, screening of enemy cavalry, and harassing enemy supply lines. The latter of which the corps excelled at, as demonstrated after the battle of Fredricksberg when 1,800 troopers raided the Union supply lines, seizing prisoners, horses, mules, supplies and intercepting messages between Union commanders. This unit was lightly supported by horse-drawn artillery.

Most generals in the Confederate army were graduates of the U.S. Military Academy, and many had experience in the Mexican-American war prior to their service in the Army of Northern Virginia. Known for their flair and eccentricities, these officers were counted on by General Lee to carry out their duties with courage and skill, but they were rarely asked to make strategic decisions or even operate too far outside Lee's watchful eye.

Major general J. E. B. Stuart (Cavalry Corps)
A Virginia-born West Pointer, "Jeb" Stuart was a veteran of Indian fighting in Kansas for the U.S. Army before joining the Confederate Army where he quickly rose through the ranks. Promoted to Major General in 1863, Stuart was renown for performing daring raids on enemy encampments and for being the ¿eyes of General Lee¿. Stuart was a flamboyant and egotistical commander who often led his troops from the saddle where he was extremely effective at reconnaissance and in battling enemy cavalry. General Stuart¿s ego caused him trouble on several occasions, most notably at the Gettysberg where he made several poor decisions that caused him to move out of contact with the army, thus blinding it.

Major general James Longstreet (1st Corps)
Longstreet was a trusted Corps commander of Lee, who called him his "Old War Horse". Although he was an effective commander in attack or defense, Longstreet was a strong proponent of using "tactical defense", a theory which he proved in battles such as Antietam and Fredricksberg where his troops used defensive terrain and the rifled musket to defeat attacking troops with superior numbers.

Major general Jubal A. Early (2nd Corps)
Early was a U.S. Military Academy graduate and veteran of the Seminole Wars and Mexican-American war before joining the Confederate Army. Early became a division commander in 1863 and was known for his short temper and aggressive fighting style. Although an excellent commander, Early demonstrated a career-long lack of keen battlefield navigation and his troops occasionally became lost or were late on their movements.

Major general Ambrose P. Hill (2nd Corps)
A.P. Hill was called the "fightinist" division commander in the A.N.V. and was also somewhat eccentric. He was high-strung, prone to bouts of stress induced sickness, and always wore a red "battle shirt" on the days he fought. Known as an aggressive and sometimes reckless commander, Hill had a flair for driving his troops hard and arriving in the nick of time to sway the tide of battle in favor of the A.N.V.

Lieutenant general Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson (2nd Corps)
Military historians consider Jackson to be one of the most gifted tactical commanders in United States history. His Valley Campaign and envelopment of the Union Army right wing at Chancellorsville are studied worldwide as examples of innovative and bold leadership. A West Point graduate and instructor at VMI before the war, Jackson believed discipline was vital to success on the battlefield and relentlessly drilled of his troops. A master battlefield tactician, Jackson perfected the art of maneuver and surprise, and used artillery supported infantry attacks to devastating effect.

An engineer at heart, Robert E. Lee was most fond of defensive warfare and would often position his troops behind walls, rock, rivers, sunken roads and even defensive works. This use of terrain and fortifications allowed the Army of Northern Virginia to not only survive battles against much larger forces, but smash them time and time again while suffering fewer casualties.

Confederate weapons were a mixture of captured Union arms, imports from Europe and knock-offs produced in cottage industry mills or one of the two Confederate arms factories. Although the army was under-equipped by Napoleon's standards, the Rebels made due with what they had and always seemed to have enough guns to do the job.

Hand to Hand weapons: The main close combat weapon of the A.N.V was the bayonet, a triangular shaped iron point with a socket for attaching to a rifle. However, many confederate soldiers either didn't have or didn't want a bayonet and instead would carry Bowie knives or hatchets. Officers and cavalrymen would often carry swords, but these were usually relics from prior wars that were more of a symbol of their rank than a weapon. Most records of the civil war indicate that swords and bayonets were responsible for less than 5% of the total casualties in any battle.

Colt 1851 Navy Revolver: This was the preferred sidearm of the Confederacy and it was issued mainly to officers, but was also used in great numbers by the Cavalry who preferred pistols to sabers. This revolver was a black powder, cap & ball, weapon that fired .36 caliber bullets from a six shot cylinder and was accurate up to 25 yards.

Pattern 1853 Enfield: This was a .577 calibre Minié-type muzzle-loading rifle-musket that had a maximum range 2000yd with an effective range between 100-600yd. Its rate of fire was usually 3+ rounds a minute and it had a lug on the barrel to attach a triangular bladed bayonet. These rifles were imported directly from England or smuggled in by Confederate gun runners by the thousands.

Napoleon: The twelve-pound "Napoleon" cannon was the most popular smoothbore cannon used during the war. It was named after Napoleon III of France and was widely admired because of its safety, reliability, and killing power, especially at close range. Confederate Napoleons were produced in at least six variations, additionally, four iron Confederate Napoleons were produced by the Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond.

Max Rng.
60 inches884 pounds3.67 inches1520 yardsBronze
Light 12-pounder66 inches1227 pounds4.62 inches1620 yardsBronze
78 inches890 pounds2.9 inches2000 yardsCast Iron
89 inches1750 pounds3.67 inches2100 yardsCast Iron
3-inch ordnance rifle73 inches816 pounds3.0 inches1850 yardsWrought Iron

Deception vs. Position
In the Napoleonic era, attack was the order of the day. Those who attacked, won, and those that didn't were at the mercy of their enemies. However, the advent and wide scale use of the rifled musket and Minee ball changed all that and made the army that held the high ground king of the battlefield. Edge: A.N.V.

This really would be a grand battle between two armies with similar tactics but much different strategies. Both armies relied on artillery supported Infantry assaults to garner most of their victories, but the Grand Armee preferred combined arms units and an attacking posture, whereas the Army of Northern Virginia used compartmentalized units and preferred defensive strategies whenever possible.

Cavalry Reserve (6,000) vs. JEB Stuart's Cavalry Corps (4,000)
Stuart's Corps was fast, aggressive, and never bothered by being outnumbered, but they also never went up against heavy cavalry like Murat's reserves and were at a decided disadvantage in the artillery department. Edge: Armee

V Corps (15,000) vs. Longstreet's Wing, 1st Corps (15,000)
Without their Grenadier division the V Corps was an average fighting force, however, even with Hood's shock troopers, Longstreet's Wing wasn't an elite force either. With forces equal in number and disposition, the edge goes to those with better guns. Edge: A.N.V.

I Corps (10,000) vs. Early's Division, 2nd Corps (8,500)
This battle would pit two assault infantry units backed up by heavy guns against each other. The carnage would be extreme but the superior rifles of the confederates should win the day. Edge: A.N.V

IV Corps (25,000) vs. A.P Hill's Light Division, 2nd Corps (23,000)
The Light Division were formidable soldiers with an iron will for victory, but the IV Corps was a versatile, combined arms, unit that had it's own cavalry and a huge artillery corps that would give them a decided advantage. Edge: Armee

III Corps (7,000) vs. Jackson's Division, 2nd Corps (8,500)
The main strength of the III Corps was their mobility and sharpshooting, two advantages that Jackson's Division could negate with their "Foot Cavalry" mentality and superior weapons. This battle will be determined by the Confederate edge in numbers against the against the French edge in artillery. Edge: A.N.V

Napoleon's Imperial Guard (12,000) vs. Anderson's Wing, 1st Corps (16,000)
What a monstrous slug fest this would be as the elite of the French Empire go against the creme of the Confederacy. Both units are determined veterans bolstered by heavy cannons, but Anderson's men have the edge in numbers and long range firepower. Edge: A.N.V

Marshals vs. Major Generals
Both groups of commanders were schooled and experienced soldiers who knew how to lead troops and win battles.

Murat (Cavalry Reserve) vs. JEB Stuart (Cavalry Corps)
Murat was a bold and aggressive commander who would doggedly chase down opponents. Stuart was just as bold, if not more so, but he had a bad habit of getting distracted and out of touch from his commanding general, a mistake Murat would not make. Edge: Armee

Lannes (V Corps) vs. Longstreet (1st Corps)
Both of these commanders were tough, dependable, leaders with good tactical sense. Longstreet was a defensive-minded general who could go on the offensive when needed, while Lannes favored the attack, but was also a staunch defender. I'll let the troops decide this one. Edge: Even.

Bernadotte (I Corps) vs. Early (2nd Corps)
A clash of personalities here, if not command styles, because Jubal Early could always be counted on to be a tough and stubborn leader, whereas Burnadotte sometimes didn't even accompany his troops into battle. Pick ornery but dependable over talented but unmotivated. Edge: A.N.V.

Soult (IV Corps) vs. A.P Hill (2nd Corps)
This is an outstanding clash of styles between two commanders who couldn't be more different. Soult was an excellent leader and motivator while Hill was a tactician who drove his men with little regard for their comfort. Both were loved by their troops, but both also had flaws. Hill was often recklessly aggressive while Soult was limited in his tactical abilities. Once the battle starts, I'll take reckless over unimaginative. Edge: A.N.V .

Davout (III Corps) vs. Stonewall Jackson (2nd Corps)
This is a match-up second only to the great generals themselves as the Pious Blue-Eyed Killer, and right arm of General Lee, Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson goes against Louis Davout, the Defender of France, who was called the anvil on which Bonaparte hammered his enemies. Both commanders were master tacticians who favored rapid movements and knew how to drive their men to victory. These men had such similar styles and records of victory that it's hard to separate them. Edge: Even.

Napoleon (Grand Armee) vs. Lee (Army of Northern Virginia)
Truly a clash of titans as America's greatest general Robert E. Lee goes against the grand conqueror of Europe, Napoleon Bonaparte. Lee has the advantage of having studied Napoleon and even adopting many of his tactics, however, Bonaparte was the master and had a flair for the battlefield like none other. Each man would stretch the limits of their uncanny abilities to read opponents and devise battle plans. The tactics that arose from such a chess match would fill history books for centuries, but, in the end, this battle would come down to Lee's defensive tactics, something new to Napoleon, versus Bonaparte's skill in setting up the battlefield. I will give the slightest nod to Napoleon for his ability to find an enemy's weakness and ruthlessly exploit it, a killer instinct which Lee sometimes lacked. Edge: Armee

Both armies use similar weapons, but the Confederates have a 50 year edge in technology while the French are much better supplied.

Close Range
Swords, Bayonets, Lances & Pikes vs. Swords, Bayonets, Bowie Knives & Hatchets
The Confederates make a respectable show with their assortment of weapons, but the French used their hand to hand weapons much more effectively than the Rebels ever did. Edge: Armee

Model IX Flintlock Pistol vs. Colt 1851 Navy Revolver
This is a hard one to judge because the Colt 1851 is a superior gun that can fire more shots, but there were just so many more French troops with pistols that they make up for it with volume. I'll go with the Colt for love of technology. Edge: A.N.V

Long Range
Charleville model 1777 Musket vs. Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifled Musket
The Charleville was a fine musket and the culmination of decades of design and testing by French gunsmiths, however, it was still almost 80 years behind the Enfield in terms of technology, accuracy, and range. Edge: A.N.V

Napoleonic vs. Napoleon
Field guns barely changed between 1805 and 1863 with the minor exception of a few wrought iron rifled cannons that were accurate, but prone to exploding barrels. The difference between these armies will be in the number of guns and the quality of crews that fire them, both areas where the French have an advantage. Edge: Armee

Through much research and a semi-scientific bit of data entry, I was able to come up with some formulas that allowed me to simulate battles between these armies just like Max and the boys at Deadliest Warrior. I simulated three battles, one where both armies attacked on open ground, one where the Confederates attacked and the French counter-attacked, and one where the French attacked a defended confederate position. Below are the aggregate results.

Armies & Commanders:
Murat (Cavalry Reserve) vs. JEB Stuart (Cavalry Corps)
TOTALS                 STRENGTH   CASUALTIES   %Lost
Cavalry Reserve    6000    1,053  17.55%
Cavalry Corps      4000    1,036  25.90%
Winner: Stuart's Cavalry Corps

Lannes (V Corps) vs. Longstreet (1st Corps)
TOTALS                       STRENGTH   CASUALTIES   %Lost
V Corps               15000    3,640    24.27%
Longstreet's Wing     15000    3,645    24.30%
Winner: Tie (Slightest edge to Lannes)

Bernadotte (I Corps) vs. Early (2nd Corps)
TOTALS                  STRENGTH   CASUALTIES   %Lost
I Corps           10000    2,097    20.97%
Early's Division   8500    2,189    25.75%
Winner: Bernadotte's I Corps

Soult (IV Corps) vs. A.P Hill (2nd Corps)
TOTALS                      STRENGTH   CASUALTIES   %Lost
IV Corps             25000    5,650    22.60%
Hill's Lt Division   23000    5,894    25.63%
Winner: Soult's IV Corps

Davout (III Corps) vs. Stonewall Jackson (2nd Corps)
TOTALS                   STRENGTH   CASUALTIES   %Lost
III Corps           7000    2,013    28.76%
Jackson's Division  8500    1,873    22.04%
Winner: Jackson's Division

Napoleon (Imperial Guard) vs. Lee (Anderson's Wing)
TOTALS                   STRENGTH   CASUALTIES   %Lost
Imperial Guard     12000    3,785    31.54%
Anderson's Wing    16000    3,245    20.28%
Winner: Anderson's Division under Lee

Napoleon (Grand Armee) vs. Lee (Army of Northern Virginia)
TOTALS                      STRENGTH   CASUALTIES   %Lost
Grand Armee          75000    18,239   24.32%
Army of N. Virginia  75000    17,882   23.84%
Winner: Lee's Army of Northern Virginia

It was Jackson and Lee who saved the day for the Rebels yet again as the Confederates eked out a narrow victory.

Weapons: I was able to simulate the weapons for each battle and, as expected, the rifled musket was the biggest killer for the A.N.V. while the damage was a bit more spread out for the Grand Armee.

Kills      A.N.V.  Armee
Close        900   1,796   
Mid          910   1,780
Long      14,591
Artillery  1,838   2,683
Total     18,239  17,882

In case you skipped to the bottom to find out the winner:
Winner: Lee's Army of Northern Virginia

It was Jackson and Lee who saved the day for the Rebels yet again as the Confederates eked out a narrow victory on the strength of their defensive tactics and the rifled musket.