There are three basic types of poses, each defined by how
much of the length of the subject’s body is included in the
image. When including less than the full body in the frame,
it is recommended that you avoid cropping at a joint (such
as the knee or elbow); this creates an amputated look. Instead,
crop between joints.
Head and Shoulders Portraits (or Headshots). Portraits
that show the subject’s head and shoulders. If the
hands are lifted to a position near the face, these may also be
Waist-Up Portraits. Portraits that include the subject’s
head and shoulders along with at least some of the torso. In
portraits of women, these images are often cropped just
below the bustline or at the waist. Waist-up portraits are
sometimes considered a type of headshot.
Three-Quarter-Length Portraits. Portraits that show
the subject from the head down to the mid-thigh or midcalf.
In some cases, one foot may be visible.
Full-Length Portraits. Portraits that show the subject
from the head down to the feet (or at least the ankles). In
some cases, only one foot may be visible.