GTD here to give you the breakdown of what I can on our next novel spook match-up, CIA vs. KGB. Plus, get a step-by-step walk through of the Military-grade CONWEP software I introduced a couple of weeks ago!
I say "what I can" because every time I try and look something up on the CIA's web site I get an error saying "The Connection was Reset." Funny, I've been able to access that site before... am I just being paranoid or has the CIA cut me off because I work on one of the most violent shows on television? Information was also difficult to dig up on the no-longer-active KGB. Luckily, Wikipedia has both logos available for download and besides portions of this episode of Deadliest Warrior, these may be the only true pieces of information we receive on these two National Security Intelligence Agencies.
CIA: According to our experts and what I could find on the Internet (probably the best way to feed the public misinformation) the CIA's function is to gather information about and exert political influence over foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and to advise their own government in the process. They achieve this through covert and paramilitary operations and actively engage in psychological, economic, and cyber warfare. The most frightening fact that I came across was from an LA Times article that explained that the CIA has White House approval to make their own “hit” lists and is capable of carrying out global "operations" with weaponized drones from the ground in the United States. BUT I ask… would you want it any other way?
KGB: KGB is an abbreviation of a Russian group known as the Committee for State Security once it is translated. It was the National Security Intelligence Agency for the former Soviet Union from 1954 to 1991. But if you think that the KGB is not active just ask former KGB agent Alexander Litvinenko who wrote several books damning the KGB but escaped prosecution and gained political asylum in the U.K. before he was poisoned with polonium-210 on November 1, 2006 and died later that month as a result. U.K. investigators thought they knew who had assassinated Litvinenko but the Russian government at the time (Putin) refused to extradite the person to the U.K. for investigation. Further, Vladimir Putin was a former KGB agent himself and designated Dimitri Medvedev who was Putin’s protégé in earlier politics together as his successor. At that time Senator Barack Obama said that it was "a clever but transparent way for Putin to hold on to power." I would go as far to say that it was also a way of KGB cronies to also maintain power. Scary but I think it’s true. What do you think?
Science of Explosions
Okay, so I got a lot of responses from the posting of the Military-grade CONWEP explosives software over the last couple of weeks and the main question was: “How do I use it?” So, I’ll give a very brief but complete tutorial here on how it can be used to estimate the mechanics of the shock front.
Step 1: Enter the distance from the explosive to the target in meters in the “Actual Stand-Off Distance” field located under the INPUTS label. Press Enter.
Step 2: Find out the weight of the explosive in Kg you are going to test and enter it in the “Net Explosive Quantity” field of the INPUTS. Press Enter.
Step 3: Find the TNT equivalence figure from the type of explosive you’d like to run the numbers on. It’s amazing what you can find on Google but just in case I have given TNT equivalence of four different types of explosives in the cells just under the label “TNT EQUIVALENCE” at the top of the page.
Step 4: Enter the TNT equivalence value you just found into the “TNT Equivalence Figure” field located under the INPUTS label. Press Enter.
Step 5: Once you press Enter from the last INPUT, the OUTPUTS will change based off the equations from the right hand side of the worksheet entitled “AIRBURST SUB –CALCULATIONS." You can click on the various cells to have a look at the equations that are implemented in getting the OUTPUTS. The numbers under the “Conversions” label also change so you don’t have to convert kPa or m/s yourself. Now, if your super awesome… you know a little bit about how/when/at what level the body is injured at particular overpressures (eg. five psi – ear drum rupture all the way up to about +100 psi that tends to rip limbs from the body and can be lethal).
To give you a complete list of Over-pressures vs. Injury matrix would not be scientifically responsible but it’s amazing what you can find on Google these days and some info has been released for public use. So, if you’re really interested in this stuff you can download my published blast article entitled “Blast-Induced Neurotrauma: Surrogate Use, Loading Mechanisms, and Cellular Responses."
Don't forget to check out Deadliest Warrior: The Game for exclusive previews and walk throughs of the game's development and what you can expect when it hits shelves July 15th